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Development and application of surrogate models, calculated loads, and aquatic export of carbon based on specific conductance, Big Cypress National Preserve, South Florida, 2015-17

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doi: 10.3133/ofr20201136
Authors:Booth, Amanda
Author Affiliations:Primary:
U. S. Geological Survey, United States
Source:Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey, No.OF2020-1136, 14p. Publisher: U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States. ISSN: 0196-1497
Publication Date:2021
Note:In English. Includes appendices. 29 refs.
Summary:Understanding the carbon transport within aquatic environments is crucial to quantifying global and local carbon budgets, yet limited empirical data currently (2021) exist. This report documents methodology and provides data for quantifying the aquatic export of carbon from a cypress swamp within Big Cypress National Preserve and is part of a larger carbon budget study. The U.S. Geological Survey operated two continuous monitoring stations, 022889001 and 022909471, that measured flow volume and water quality within the Big Cypress National Preserve in South Florida from September 2015 to October 2017. Station 022889001 represented the flow into the study area and station 022909471 represented the flow out of the study area. Site-specific regression models were developed by using continuously measured specific conductance and concomitant, discretely collected dissolved organic carbon, dissolved inorganic carbon, and particulate carbon samples to calculate total carbon (TC) concentrations at 15-minute intervals. Calculated TC concentrations typically increased as flow was decreasing and decreased as flow was increasing. TC loads were calculated by multiplying concentrations and flow volume, and the difference between the load calculations for input/output locations of the swamp flow system was used to determine the aquatic carbon export from the study area. Calculated monthly TC loads ranged from 0 metric tons in spring 2017 at both stations to 3,145 and 7,821 metric tons in September 2017 at 022889001 and 022909471, respectively. During 2016, the annual loads were 10,479 and 15,243 metric tons at 022889001 and 022909471, respectively. Calculated monthly aquatic TC exports from the study area ranged from ?0.7 gram of carbon per square meter in May 2016 to 44.1 grams of carbon per square meter during September 2017. The carbon export from the study area varied monthly, increased as flow increased, and was greatly influenced by Hurricane Irma in September 2017. The aquatic TC export from the Sweetwater Strand study area was 42.0 grams of carbon per square meter per year in 2016, which is substantially (about 15 times) larger than the estimated overall mean riverine carbon export per square meter for the eastern United States; however, it was also less than the monthly export of carbon in September 2017. The monthly aquatic carbon export from the study area in September 2017 alone was greater than the aquatic carbon export from all of 2016, which is largely the result of the substantial increase in flow attributed to Hurricane Irma.
Subjects:Carbon; Carbon cycle; Ecosystems; Geochemical cycle; Organic carbon; Organic compounds; Total organic carbon; USGS; Water quality; Florida; United States; Big Cypress National Preserve; Hurricane Irma; Southern Florida
Coordinates:N254000 N255500 W0805500 W0811000
Record ID:900032-1
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute.
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100 1 |a Booth, Amanda  |e monographic author  |u U. S. Geological Survey, @USA 
245 1 0 |a Development and application of surrogate models, calculated loads, and aquatic export of carbon based on specific conductance, Big Cypress National Preserve, South Florida, 2015-17 
260 |a Reston, VA :   |b U. S. Geological Survey,   |c 2021 
300 |a 14 p.  |b illus., incl. sketch maps 
440 0 |a Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey  |x 0196-1497 ;  |v OF 2020-1136 
500 |a In English. Includes appendices. 29 refs. 
500 |a Affiliation: U. S. Geological Survey; ; USA; United States 
500 |a Key title: Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey 
500 |a Source note: Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey, No.OF2020-1136, 14p. Publisher: U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States. ISSN: 0196-1497 
500 |a Publication type: technical report 
504 |b 29 refs. 
510 3 |a GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute. 
520 |a Understanding the carbon transport within aquatic environments is crucial to quantifying global and local carbon budgets, yet limited empirical data currently (2021) exist. This report documents methodology and provides data for quantifying the aquatic export of carbon from a cypress swamp within Big Cypress National Preserve and is part of a larger carbon budget study. The U.S. Geological Survey operated two continuous monitoring stations, 022889001 and 022909471, that measured flow volume and water quality within the Big Cypress National Preserve in South Florida from September 2015 to October 2017. Station 022889001 represented the flow into the study area and station 022909471 represented the flow out of the study area. Site-specific regression models were developed by using continuously measured specific conductance and concomitant, discretely collected dissolved organic carbon, dissolved inorganic carbon, and particulate carbon samples to calculate total carbon (TC) concentrations at 15-minute intervals. Calculated TC concentrations typically increased as flow was decreasing and decreased as flow was increasing. TC loads were calculated by multiplying concentrations and flow volume, and the difference between the load calculations for input/output locations of the swamp flow system was used to determine the aquatic carbon export from the study area. Calculated monthly TC loads ranged from 0 metric tons in spring 2017 at both stations to 3,145 and 7,821 metric tons in September 2017 at 022889001 and 022909471, respectively. During 2016, the annual loads were 10,479 and 15,243 metric tons at 022889001 and 022909471, respectively. Calculated monthly aquatic TC exports from the study area ranged from ?0.7 gram of carbon per square meter in May 2016 to 44.1 grams of carbon per square meter during September 2017. The carbon export from the study area varied monthly, increased as flow increased, and was greatly influenced by Hurricane Irma in September 2017. The aquatic TC export from the Sweetwater Strand study area was 42.0 grams of carbon per square meter per year in 2016, which is substantially (about 15 times) larger than the estimated overall mean riverine carbon export per square meter for the eastern United States; however, it was also less than the monthly export of carbon in September 2017. The monthly aquatic carbon export from the study area in September 2017 alone was greater than the aquatic carbon export from all of 2016, which is largely the result of the substantial increase in flow attributed to Hurricane Irma. 
650 7 |a Carbon  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Carbon cycle  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Ecosystems  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Geochemical cycle  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Organic carbon  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Organic compounds  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Total organic carbon  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a USGS  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Water quality  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Florida  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a United States  |2 georeft 
653 |a Big Cypress National Preserve 
653 |a Hurricane Irma 
653 |a Southern Florida 
856 |u urn:doi: 10.3133/ofr20201136