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Research advances on ecotype and subecotype differentiation of Prochlorococcus and its environmental adaptability

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doi: 10.1007/s11430-020-9651-0
Authors:Yan Wei; Feng Xuejin; Zhang Wei; Zhang Rui; Jiao Nianzhi
Author Affiliations:Primary:
China University of Geosciences, College of Marine Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Xiamen University, China
Volume Title:Science China. Earth Sciences
Source:Science China. Earth Sciences, 63(11), p.1691-1700. Publisher: Springer, co-published with Science in China Press, Beijing, China. ISSN: 1674-7313
Publication Date:2020
Note:In English. 64 refs.
Summary:Prochlorococcus, a group of marine cyanobacteria, is the most abundant and smallest oxygen-producing photosynthetic microorganism. It is mainly distributed in the euphotic zone of tropical and subtropical oceans and is a key participant in the marine biogeochemical cycle. Prochlorococcus has evolved continuously to adapt to the marine environment, and can be considered a recent evolutionary form of cyanobacteria, one of the most ancient life forms. The diverse ecotypes and subecotypes of Prochlorococcus increase its genomic diversity and environmental adaptability, allowing Prochlorococcus to become a dominant species in its environment. Here we review the ecotype classification and distribution, ecotype and subecotype differentiation, and environmental adaptability of Prochlorococcus. We also evaluate the role and significance of ecotype and sub-ecotype differentiation of Prochlorococcus, and discuss future research directions on this basis.
Subjects:Adaptation; Biochemistry; Environmental analysis; Environmental effects; Genome; Geochemical cycle; Marine environment; Microorganisms; Photochemistry; Photosynthesis; Species diversity; Subtropical environment; Tropical environment; Bacteria; Cyanobacteria; Ecotypes; Prochlorococcus; Subecotypes
Record ID:891711-4
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by Springer Verlag, Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany
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