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Seasonal variability in stable isotopes of estuarine consumers under different freshwater flow regimes

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doi: 10.3354/meps10402
Authors:Olin, Jill A.; Hussey, Nigel E.; Rush, Scott A.; Poulakis, Gregg R.; Simpfendorfer, Colin A.; Heupel, Michelle R.; Fisk, Aaron T.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Windsor, Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, Windsor, ON, Canada
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, United States
James Cook University, Australia
Volume Title:Marine Ecology. Progress Series (Halstenbek)
Source:Marine Ecology. Progress Series (Halstenbek), Vol.487, p.55-69. Publisher: Inter-Research, Halstenbek, Germany. ISSN: 0171-8630
Publication Date:2013
Note:In English. 84 refs.; illus., incl. 5 tables, sketch maps
Summary:Freshwater inflow from riverine sources is essential for estuarine productivity. However, human alterations to freshwater flow have resulted in modifications to the seasonal complexities of estuarine communities. To quantify changes in energy transfer at the trophic guild and consumer levels that result from anthropogenic-altered flow, we evaluated seasonal trends over a 1 yr period in stable isotopes of carbon (δ13C), nitrogen (δ15N) and sulfur (δ34S) in nekton species sampled from 2 subtropical tidal rivers, one that is relatively natural and one that experiences regulated flow discharges that result in autumnal high-flow events. Primary and secondary consumers in the flow-altered estuary exhibited a significant depletion in 13C and enrichment in 15N (∼2 ppm in both isotopes respectively) with the onset of the wet season, while the stable isotope values of high trophic level species (i.e. ≥ tertiary consumers) remained relatively consistent, trends were not apparent in the natural estuary. These isotopic trends were evident in both benthic and pelagic consumers, suggesting a food web-wide influence of altered flow on nutrient dynamics. Although the relative trophic structure, based on δ15N, was consistent across seasons and among estuaries, the δ34S values were less seasonally variable in the flow-altered estuary and were indicative of more terrestrial/freshwater influenced values compared to the natural estuary, suggesting a lengthened influence of high flow. Although limited in temporal scope, our results indicate a noteworthy difference in seasonal isotope dynamics of lower trophic level consumers in a flow-altered estuarine food web. The importance of this effect on ecosystem function warrants further attention.
Subjects:Algae; Alteration; Benthic taxa; Biota; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Case studies; Ecology; Ecosystems; Estuarine environment; Food chains; Fresh water; Fresh-water environment; Habitat; Human activity; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; N-15/N-14; Nitrogen; Pelagic environment; Plankton; Productivity; S-34/S-32; Stable isotopes; Sulfur; Surface water; Trophic analysis; Vegetation; Charlotte County Florida; Florida; United States; Caloosahatchee River; Charlotte Harbor Florida
Coordinates:N263000 N270000 W0815000 W0822500
Record ID:871057-2
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute.
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