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timization of PAHs Oxidation from a Concentrate of Soil Attrition Using Potassium Permanganate
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|Authors:||Bendouz, Malika; Tran, Lan Huong; Coudert, Lucie; Mercier, Guy; Blais, Jean-François|
|Volume Title:||Soil & Sediment Contamination|
|Source:||Soil & Sediment Contamination, 26(6), p.605-622. Publisher: Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA, United States. ISSN: 1532-0383|
|Summary:||The treatment of soils contaminated with organic compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), by attrition produced large amounts of highly concentrated attrition sludge (PAH ? attrition concentrate ? PAC). This paper studied the performance of an oxidation process using potassium permanganate (KMnO4) to degrade PAHs that were initially present in attrition concentrates. The influence of operating conditions (temperature, concentration of KMnO4 and reaction time) was studied, and these parameters were optimized using a response surface methodology (RSM). The results showed that the temperature and the reaction time had a significant and positive effect on the degradation of PAHs for the experimental domain studied (temperature between 20 and 60°C and reaction time between 1 and 7 h). The interaction between the temperature and the concentration of KMnO4 significantly influenced the degradation of the PAHs. The temperature and the concentration of KMnO4 were the main parameters that influenced the degradation of both phenanthrene (Phe) and benzo [a] pyrene (BaP). For benzo [a] anthracene (BaA), the temperature was the most influential factor. According to our results, the optimal conditions were defined as [KMnO4] = 0.4 M for 5.5 h at 60°C. These optimal conditions led to degradations of 42.9%, 40.8%, 41.0% and 46.0% of the total PAHs, Phe, BaA and BaP, respectively.|
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