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Hydrocarbon and sewage contamination near fringing reefs along the west coast of Havana, Cuba; a multiple sedimentary molecular marker approach

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doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.031
Authors:Martins, Cesar C.; Castellanos-Iglesias, Susel; Cabral, Ana Caroline; Camara de Souza, Amanda; Ferraz, Mariana Aliceda; Pereira Alves, Thiago
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Universidade Federal do Parana, Centro de Estudos do Mar, Pontal do Parana, Brazil
Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Volume Title:Marine Pollution Bulletin
Source:Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol.136, p.38-49. Publisher: Elsevier, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0025-326X
Publication Date:2018
Note:In English. 84 refs.; illus., incl. 8 tables, sketch map
Summary:Organic contamination is a major environmental concern in coastal regions, and it can be evaluated by the determination of aliphatic hydrocarbons (AHs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), faecal sterols and linear alkylbenzenes (LABs). The concentrations of these organic markers were obtained from nine surface sediment samples to evaluate a possible contamination near a fringing reef on the west coast of Havana, Cuba. The AH levels ranged from 1.24 to 135.6 µg g-1, the PAH levels were up to 2133 ng g-1, the faecal sterol levels ranged from 0.03 to 1.54 µg g-1, and the total LAB levels were up to 22.7 ng g-1. The highest concentrations were obtained at sites close to Havana Bay and at the sources of untreated sewage input. A decreasing concentration gradient was observed from Havana Bay to the outer sites. Although only two sites presented high levels of contamination, untreated sewage discharged close to the fringing reef may affect its environment.
Subjects:Alcohols; Aliphatic hydrocarbons; Alkylbenzenes; Aromatic hydrocarbons; Concentration; Hydrocarbons; Marine pollution; Marine sediments; Organic compounds; Pollution; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Sediments; Sewage; Steroids; Sterols; Antilles; Atlantic Ocean; Caribbean region; Cuba; Greater Antilles; Havana Cuba; La Habana Cuba; North Atlantic; Straits of Florida; West Indies
Coordinates:N230500 N232000 W0823000 W0830000
Record ID:838949-5
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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