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Geoquímica del magmatismo mesozoico asociado al margen continental pasivo en el occidente y centro de Cuba  [Geochemistry of the Mesozoic magmatism associated with the passive continental margin in western and central Cuba]

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doi: 10.18268/BSGM2016v68n3a5
Alternate Title:Geochemistry of the Mesozoic magmatism associated with the passive continental margin in western and central Cuba
Authors:Cruz-Gámez, Esther María; Velasco-Tapia, Fernando; García-Casco, Antonio; Despaigne-Díaz, Ana Ibis; Lastra-Rivero, José Francisco; Cáceres-Govea, Damaso
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias de la Tierra, Linares, Mexico
Other:
Universidad de Granada, Spain
Universidad de Pinar del Río, Cuba
Volume Title:Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana
Source:Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 68(3), p.443-475. Publisher: Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, Mexico, D.F., Mexico. ISSN: 0366-1784
Publication Date:2016
Note:In Spanish with English summary. 80 refs.; illus., incl. 7 tables, geol. sketch maps
Summary:Jurassic to Cretaceous stratigraphic sequences of Passive Continental Margin (PCM) have been described in several localities of the Mesoamerican region. In Cuba these rocks are widely exposed, being constituted by carbonate and siliciclastic rocks. Magmatic (hyaloclastite, basalt, diabase, and gabbro) and meta-magmatic (metavolcanics, metagabbro, amphibolite, and eclogite) lithologies occur intercalated within these geological sequences. This magmatic activity has been related to the fragmentation of Pangea (in a rift-drift process) and the initial development of the proto-Caribbean oceanic basin. In this work, based on the interpretation of an extensive petrographic and geochemical database (considering published information as well as data generated during this study), a conceptual model is proposed for the PCM magmatism distributed along the Guaniguanico Cordillera and the Pinos and Escambray metamorphic terranes: (a) in a Continental Margin Ridge setting, probably during the Lower Jurassic (?) to Upper Jurassic (Middle/Upper Oxfordian), E-MORB-type magmatism was produced from an enriched mantle; (b) N-MORB-type magma was erupted (produced by partial melting of a depleted mantle) when the ocean opened sufficiently for steady-state spreading to be established, without the influence of a plume system. This magmatism peaked in the Upper Oxfordian - Early Kimmerigdian?; (c) sills and dykes of N-MORB-type magmas also intruded syn-rift sedimentary sequences, explaining the occurrence of this type of magmatism in the earliest deposited sequences of the passive margin (e.g., Loma La Gloria and Arroyo Cangre formations); and (d) E-MORB-type magmatism occurred during late Lower Cretaceous to basal Upper Cretaceous e.g., Yaguanabo and El Tambor formations), probably linked to the Caribbean margin. The majority of magmatic and sedimentary PMC lithologies were metamorphosed during the Upper Campanian and afterward exhumed in the Maastrichtian - Early Paleocene period.
Subjects:Amphibolites; Basalts; Cenozoic; Cretaceous; Exhumation; Igneous rocks; Island arcs; Jurassic; Magmatism; Major elements; Melange; Mesozoic; Metamorphic rocks; Mid-ocean ridge basalts; Ophiolite; Paleogene; Passive margins; Plate convergence; Plate tectonics; Tertiary; Trace elements; Volcanic rocks; Antilles; Caribbean region; Cuba; Greater Antilles; Pinar del Rio Cuba; Sierra de los Organos; West Indies; Arroyo Cangre Formation; Asuncion Terrane; Bahia Honda Terrane; El Sabalo Formation; Escambray Terrane; Guaniguanico Cordillera; Jagua Formation; Mabujina Complex
Coordinates:N223000 N223000 W0840000 W0840000
Record ID:823094-5
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.
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