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Geological interpretation of mass-transport deposits in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico; integrating borehole geology, borehole geophysics, and reservoir engineering
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|Authors:||Zimmermann, Eric; Guzman, Carlos; Vercher, Mike; Hewitt, Stan; Kumar, Anish; Mahnke, Michael; Mishra, Vinay K.; Ruiz, Elizabeth; Charmelo, Nellyana|
|Author Affiliations:||Primary: |
LLOG Exploration, Covington, LA, United States
Schlumberger Oilfield Services, United States
|Volume Title:||66<sup>th</sup> annual convention of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Sectional Meeting; and the 63<sup>rd</sup> annual meeting of the Gulf Coast Section of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists|
|Volume Authors:||Smith-Engle, Jennifer M., editor; editor|
|Source:||Transactions - Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, Vol.66, p.661; 66>th` annual convention of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies American Association of Petroleum Geologists Sectional Meeting; and 63>rd' annual meeting of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Gulf Coast Section, Corpus Christi, TX, Sept. 18-20, 2016, Jennifer M. Smith-Engle and editor. Publisher: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, New Orleans, LA, United States. ISSN: 0533-6562|
|Note:||In English. 5 refs.; illus., incl. sketch map|
|Summary:||The deepwater Gulf of Mexico is one of the most actively explored deepwater basins in the world, with hundreds of wells drilled to date. However, although much knowledge has been derived from extensive drilling experience, the Gulf's geology offers many surprises. In general, if the horizons of interest are not located subsalt, then seismic-derived attributes can provide a reasonable understanding of the subsurface geology. In practice, the deepwater Gulf of Mexico geology is sufficiently complex that technology such as borehole imaging, borehole seismic data, and pressure and fluid sampling need to be included in the well evaluation to complement the surface seismic interpretation. Incorrect subsurface interpretations impact the drilling and well placement decisions to result in additional well and facilities costs. In an example from the Gulf of Mexico, the sub-seismic-scale geological interpretations from borehole image data and high-frequency vertical seismic profile (VSP) reflection data were integrated with state-of-the-art lower frequency surface seismic data. The dip and image data obtained from the borehole imager, VSP, and surface seismic appeared to be contradictory when individually considered; however, a careful evaluation of the data reconciled the differences and provided a more complete picture of the subsurface. The example demonstrates how the combination of these different borehole data types was able to identify cycles of high-energy mass-transport deposits followed by relatively lower energy phases of sand deposition. The impact of geological deformation affects the geological interpretation and the connectivity and types of fluids present in the reservoir. Pressure and fluid analysis from formation testing data confirmed nonlinear relationships at different depths, which were analyzed for implications to the reservoir. In the challenging geology of the deepwater Gulf of Mexico, geological analysis based on only one kind of data often leads to incomplete understanding of the reservoirs and that, in turn, can lead to ineffective field development plans. Integrating surface seismic, borehole seismic, borehole geology, and reservoir pressure and fluid data is essential for better understanding Gulf of Mexico deepwater reservoirs, especially in regions of complex geology.|
|Subjects:||Boreholes; Cenozoic; Deep-water environment; Geophysical methods; Mass movements; Middle Miocene; Miocene; Neogene; Petroleum; Petroleum exploration; Reservoir properties; Sedimentology; Seismic methods; Tertiary; Three-dimensional models; Well logs; Atlantic Ocean; Gulf of Mexico; Mississippi Canyon; North Atlantic|
|Coordinates:||N280000 N290000 W0890000 W0901500|
|Copyright Information:||GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.|
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