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Landslides induced vulnerability and risk assessment in Muzaffarabad and Balakot, Pakistan

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Authors:Basa, Noor; Shafique, Muhammad; Bacha, Alam Sher; Shah, Safeer Ullah; Basharat, Muhammad; Ali, Muhammad Zeeshan; Khan, Samiullah; Khan, Salman
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Peshawar, National Centre of Excellence in Geology, Peshawar, Pakistan
University of AJK, Pakistan
Institute of Space Technology, Pakistan
University of Haripur, Pakistan
Volume Title:Journal of Himalayan Earth Sciences
Source:Journal of Himalayan Earth Sciences, 49(2), p.94-108. Publisher: University of Peshawar, National Centre of Excellence in Geology, Peshawar, Pakistan. ISSN: 1994-3237
Publication Date:2016
Note:In English. 18 refs.; illus., incl. 12 tables, geol. sketch maps
Summary:The 8th October 2005 Kashmir earthquake (7.6 Mw) triggered thousands of landslides in the Muzaffarabad and Balakot, Pakistan. This study aims to evaluate landslide induced vulnerability and risk to the buildings. Building footprint maps were developed from satellite image (SPOT-5) and required attributes such as construction material, roof material, building use, building height and household's data were collected from field visits. Quantitative method was used to assess the landslide induced vulnerability and risk in the area. The number of buildings located in high, moderate and low susceptibility zone were estimated by crossing the landslide susceptibility map and building footprint map. Landslide hazard probability was calculated as a result of combining landslide susceptibility map and landslide return period map. Spatial probability was determined by calculating cumulative landslide area in each susceptibility class. Absolute vulnerability of the buildings was multiplied with landslide spatial probability to derive the total loss for different return-period scenarios and shown in a risk curve. The study shall help the concern agencies to mitigate the devastating impacts of landslides.
Subjects:Catastrophes; Earthquakes; Erosion features; Floods; Geographic information systems; Geologic hazards; Hydrology; Information systems; Kashmir earthquake 2005; Landslides; Mass movements; Natural hazards; Rainfall; Remote sensing; Risk assessment; Satellite methods; Slope stability; SPOT; Balakot Pakistan; Muzzaffarabad Pakistan
Coordinates:N351927 N351927 E0723616 E0723616
N341917 N341917 E0733907 E0733907
Record ID:813092-9
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute.
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