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The physico-chemical properties of four soil series in Tasik Chini, Pahang, Malaysia

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doi: 10.3923/ajes.2011.75.84
Authors:Gasim, Muhammad Barzani; Ismail, B. S.; Mir, Sujaul-Islam; Rahim, Sahibin A.; Toriman, M. Ekhwan
Author Affiliations:Primary:
National University of Malaysia, School of Environment and Natural Resource Sciences, Bangi, Malaysia
Volume Title:Asian Journal of Earth Sciences
Source:Asian Journal of Earth Sciences, 4(2), p.75-84. Publisher: Asian Network for Scientific Information (ANSInet), Faisalabad, Pakistan. ISSN: 1819-1886
Publication Date:2011
Note:In English. 27 refs.; illus., incl. 5 tables, geol. sketch maps
Summary:A total of 20 topsoil (0-20 cm) and 36 subsoil (0-50 cm) samples were collected from four soil series namely the Malacca, Rasau, Bungor and Gong Chenak. The Physico-chemical properties such as particle size distribution, texture, Organic Matter content (OM), density, porosity, pH, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), Electrical Conductivity (EC), available nutrients and the presence of selected heavy metals were analyzed by the standard methods. The analysis showed that the subsoil and topsoil of the Rasau soil series consisted mainly of sandy loam, whereas the Bungor, Malacca and Gong Chenak soil series were mainly of clayey texture. The organic matter content of the Rasau soil series was very low; for the Malacca and Bungor series the organic matter content was low. The Gong Chenak soil series contained comparatively high OM content. Soil physical properties showed higher bulk density values in the disturbed soil horizons than in the undisturbed forest soils. All the soils studied had low pH and low electrical conductivity. The cation exchange capacity of all the soil series was low with values of less than 13.34 meq/100 g soil. The available phosphorus (P) and magnesium (Mg) values of all the soil series were low and very low, while available potassium (K) values were acceptable. Result of heavy metals analysis indicated that some heavy metals such as Pb, Zn, Cu, Co, Ni, Cr and Cd were present in all the soil series but occurred in low concentrations below the critical level.
Subjects:Cadmium; Cation exchange capacity; Chromium; Clastic sediments; Clay; Clay soils; Cobalt; Density; Electrical conductivity; Geochemistry; Heavy metals; Lead; Lithogeochemistry; Loam; Metals; Nickel; Nutrients; PH; Physicochemical properties; Pollution; Porosity; Sand; Sediments; Soil pollution; Soil profiles; Soils; Zinc; Asia; Far East; Malay Peninsula; Malaysia; Pahang Malaysia; West Malaysia; Bungor soils; Gong Chenak soil; Gong Chenak soils; Malacca soils; Tasik Chini Malaysia
Coordinates:N022800 N044400 E1033700 E1012000
Record ID:811879-2
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute.
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