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The relationship between land use and vulnerability to nitrogen and phosphorus pollution in an urban watershed

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doi: 10.2134/jeq2016.06.0239
Authors:Tasdighi, Ali; Arabi, Mazdak; Osmond, Deanna L.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Colorado State University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Fort Collins, CO, United States
Other:
North Carolina State University, United States
Volume Title:Journal of Environmental Quality
Source:and [Journal of Environmental Quality, 46(1), p.113-122. Publisher: American Society of Agronomy,] Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, United States. ISSN: 0047-2425
Publication Date:2017
Note:In English. 45 refs.; illus., incl. 3 tables, sketch map
Summary:Characterization of the vulnerability of water bodies to pollution from natural and anthropogenic sources requires understanding the relationship between land use and water quality. This study aims (i) to explore the influence of upstream land use on annual stream water concentrations and loads of total nitrogen (TN) and phosphorus (TP) and (ii) to characterize the vulnerability of water bodies to TN and TP pollution as a function of land use under varying climatic conditions. Multiple linear regression models were used across 23 stream locations within the Jordan Lake watershed in North Carolina between 1992 and 2012 to explore land use-water quality relationships. The percentage of urban land use and wastewater treatment plant capacity were the most important factors with strong (R2 > 0.7) and significant (p < 0.01) positive correlations with annual TN and TP concentrations and loads. Percent agricultural land was negatively correlated with TN in 18 out of 21 yr of the study period. Using analysis of covariance, significant (p < 0.01) differences were determined between models developed for urban land use with TN and TP loads based on annual precipitation. Using concentrations instead of loads resulted in a nonsignificant difference between models for average and wet years. Finally, a procedure was developed to characterize the vulnerability to TN and TP pollution, computed as the probability of exceeding the nutrient standard limits. Results indicated that the vulnerability to TN and TP was controlled primarily by urban land use, with higher values in dry years than normal and wet years.
Subjects:Agricultural waste; Concentration; Critical load; Land use; Models; Monitoring; Nitrification; Nitrogen; Nutrients; Phosphorus; Pollution; Regression analysis; Soil management; Soil pollution; Statistical analysis; Waste disposal; Water quality; Appalachians; North America; North Carolina; Piedmont; United States; Jordan Lake watershed
Coordinates:N353500 N361500 W0785800 W0794500
Record ID:805371-6
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute.
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