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Mercury contamination in the Red River watershed; a review of the contaminated sites

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doi: 10.15625/0866-7187/36/4/6438
Authors:Dang Thi Ha; Coynel, Alexandra; Deschatre, Marine
Author Affiliations:Primary:
BaRia-VungTau University, Baria, Vietnam
Other:
Université Bordeaux I, France
Volume Title:Khoa hoc ve Trai dat (Vien Han Khoa hoc va Cong nghe Viet Nam Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences
Source:Khoa hoc ve Trai dat (Vien Han Khoa hoc va Cong nghe Viet Nam = Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences, 36(4), p.497-503. Publisher: Vien Han Lam Khoa hoc va Cong nghe Viet Nam, Hanoi, Vietnam. ISSN: 0866-7187
Publication Date:2014
Note:In English. 19 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch maps
Summary:This study is based on two sampling campaigns covering the whole Vietnamese Red River watershed in 40 sites at low and high water levels during 2009 in order to determine the seasonal and spatial variations of Hg concentrations in stream sediments. The results showed that the Hg concentrations during low water level were clearly higher than that during high water level, demonstrating an effect of particle (grain) size (i.e. significant contribution of less mercury-contaminated particles in high water level). In addition, in order to assess spatial distribution of the Hg contamination in the Red River watershed and localize geochemical anomalies, multidimensional statistical analyses combined with Hg maps generated by GIS tool were used. We observed that the high mercury anomalies are originated from the important pollutant sources (mining/smelting) located in the upstream and mid- Red River watershed, demonstrating an impact of anthropogenic activities on river Hg concentrations. Finally, the comparison between the Hg concentrations in the stream sediment from the Red River watershed and the consensus-based freshwater sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) indicated that the sediment quality for important areas of the Red River watershed is rather poor and probably represents serious threats to aquatic life.
Subjects:Aquatic environment; Arsenic; Bioaccumulation; Copper; Fluvial environment; Fresh water; Geographic information systems; Heavy metals; Hydrochemistry; Hydrology; Information systems; Lead; Mercury; Metals; Pollutants; Pollution; Risk assessment; Sediments; Stream sediments; Toxicity; Water quality; Watersheds; Asia; Far East; Red River; Vietnam; Da River; Lo River
Coordinates:N201700 N201700 E1063400 E1063400
Record ID:800522-7
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute.
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