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Evaluation of monensin transport to shallow groundwater after irrigation with dairy lagoon water

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doi: 10.2134/jeq2015.05.0251
Authors:Hafner, Sarah C.; Harter, Thomas; Parikh, Sanjai J.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of California at Davis, Department of Land, Air and Water Resources, Davis, CA, United States
Volume Title:Special section; antibiotics in agroecosystems, state of the science
Source:and [Special section; antibiotics in agroecosystems, state of the science. Journal of Environmental Quality, 45(2), p.480-487. Publisher: American Society of Agronomy,] Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, United States. ISSN: 0047-2425
Publication Date:2016
Note:In English. 32 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table
Summary:Animal waste products from concentrated animal feeding operations are a significant source of antibiotics to the environment. Monensin, an ionophore antibiotic commonly used to increase feed efficiency in livestock, is known to have varied toxicological effects on nontarget species. The current study builds on prior studies evaluating the impact of dairy management on groundwater quality by examining the transport of monensin in an agricultural field with coarse-textured soils during irrigation with lagoon wastewater. The dairy is located in California's San Joaquin Valley, where groundwater can be encountered <5 m below the surface. Groundwater samples were collected from a network of monitoring wells installed throughout the dairy and adjacent to irrigated fields before and after an irrigation event, which allowed for measurement of monensin potentially reaching the shallow groundwater as a direct result of irrigation with lagoon water. Monensin was extracted from water samples via hydrophilic-lipophilic balance solid-phase extraction and quantified with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Irrigation water was found to contain up to 1.6 µg L-1 monensin, but monensin was only detected in monitoring wells surrounding the waste storage lagoon. Water chemistry changes in the wells bordering the irrigated field suggest that up to 7% of irrigation water reached groundwater within days of irrigation. The study suggests that contamination of groundwater with monensin can occur primarily by compromised waste storage systems and that rapid transport of monensin to groundwater is not likely to occur from a single irrigation event.
Subjects:Anaerobic environment; Animal waste; Aquifers; Chemical properties; Irrigation; Lagoonal environment; Leaching; Loam; Observation wells; Pathogens; Pollutants; Pollution; Shallow aquifers; Soils; Toxic materials; Transport; Waste lagoons; Waste water; Water quality; Water wells; California; San Joaquin Valley; United States; Antibiotics; Monensin
Coordinates:N354000 N380500 W1190000 W1214000
Record ID:798979-3
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute.
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