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Bioremediation enhances the pollutant removal efficiency of soil vapor extraction (SVE) in treating petroleum drilling waste

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doi: 10.1007/s11270-016-3109-3
Authors:Ma Jie; Yang Yongqi; Dai Xiaoli; Li Changgang; Wang Qinghong; Chen Chunmao; Yan Guangxu; Guo Shaohui
Author Affiliations:Primary:
China University of Petroleum-Beijing, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Lab of Oil and Gas Pollution Control, Beijing, China
Volume Title:Water, Air and Soil Pollution
Source:Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 227(12). Publisher: Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. ISSN: 0049-6979
Publication Date:2016
Note:In English. Based on Publisher-supplied data. 36 refs.; illus.
Summary:Contamination due to improper disposal of oilfield drilling waste is a serious environmental problem all over the world. This study used bench-scale experimental columns to investigate the effectiveness of combining soil vapor extraction (SVE) with bioremediation (bioaugmentation plus biostimulation) in treating drilling waste from onshore oil wells. The drilling waste used in this study was heavily contaminated with a total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentration of 2.5 × 104 mg/kg. After 154 h of SVE operation, the TPH concentrations decreased by 4.7-23.6%, and continuous SVE operation did not significantly reduce the concentration of residual contaminants. Then, microbial consortium and inorganic nutrients (urea and K2HPO4) were employed further to enhance bioremediation, and after 216 h of bioremediation and SVE, 70% of the residual TPH was removed. Bioremediation enhanced the overall pollutant removal efficiency by fully degrading low volatile compounds and transforming them into more volatile compounds which were extracted by SVE. Results from GC-MS analysis corroborated TPH concentration data showing the occurrence of biotransformation during SVE and bioremediation treatment. Overall, this study demonstrates that SVE combined with bioremediation is an effective technique for handling petroleum drilling waste. Copyright 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Subjects:Aquifer vulnerability; Aquifers; Bioremediation; Bioventing; Concentration; Contaminant plumes; Drilling muds; Enhanced recovery; Experimental studies; Ground water; Hydrocarbons; Microorganisms; Oil wells; Organic compounds; Pollution; Remediation; Sediments; Soil vapor extraction; Toxic materials; Volatiles; Waste management; Total petroleum hydrocarbon
Record ID:789969-38
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by Springer Verlag, Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany
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