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Physicochemical gradients, diffusive flux, and sediment oxygen demand within oil sands tailings materials from Alberta, Canada

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doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.10.004
Authors:Reid, T.; Boudens, R.; Ciborowski, J. J. H.; Weisener, C. G.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Windsor, Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, Windsor, ON, Canada
Volume Title:Applied Geochemistry
Source:Applied Geochemistry, Vol.75, p.90-99. Publisher: Elsevier, Oxford-New York-Beijing, International. ISSN: 0883-2927
Publication Date:2016
Note:In English. 52 refs.; illus., incl. 6 tables, sketch map
Summary:The Athabasca Oil Sands contain one of the world's largest oil reserves consisting of approximately 168 billion barrels of currently recoverable bitumen. With 20% recoverable through open pit mining methods, this extraction process produces a considerable amount of fluid fine tailings (FFT) waste material, which must be deposited on site in tailings ponds. These ponds allow the waste sand, clay and residual bitumen to settle out of the water column, allowing for the water to be recycled for use again in the extraction process. It is vital to gain a better understanding of the processes contributing to the development of physicochemical gradients (pH, Eh, Oxygen etc...) that form in these tailings ponds over time, with the goal of remediation and subsequent construction of end-pit lake systems once oil extraction has ceased. To differentiate between the impacts of biotic and abiotic processes in fresh (newly processed material) and mature FFT (∼38 year old tailings) over a 52-week study, a specific experimental design was utilized in accordance with novel microsensor profiling techniques. The sulfide diffusive fluxes within mature biotic systems measured 37.6 µmol m-2 day-1 at the onset of the experiment, decreasing over time, as FeS mineralization progressed. In addition, DO fluxes also showed strong correlation to the physical affects of consolidation, and overall biological consumption of O2 at the FFT-water interface. This holistic study comparing different tailings pond materials provides insight regarding biotransformation and physicochemical controls effecting sediment oxygen demand associated with reclaimed wetlands and end pit lake development.
Subjects:Acid mine drainage; Aliphatic hydrocarbons; Alkanes; Biota; Bitumens; Chemical composition; Diffusivity; Ecosystems; Eh; Environmental analysis; Experimental studies; Hydrocarbons; Hydrogen sulfide; Major elements; Metals; Methane; Mine waste; Oil sands; Organic compounds; Oxygen; Petroleum; PH; Physicochemical properties; Pollutants; Pollution; Remediation; Reservoir properties; Reservoir rocks; Sedimentary rocks; Tailings; Tailings ponds; Alberta; Athabasca Oil Sands; Canada; Fort McMurray Alberta; Western Canada; Suncor Mine
Coordinates:N564500 N564500 W1112700 W1112700
Record ID:787442-9
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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