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Prehistoric human impact on tree island lifecycles in the Florida Everglades

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doi: 10.1177/0959683615618254
Authors:Ardren, Traci; Lowry, Justin P.; Memory, Melissa; Flanagan, Kelin; Busot, Alexandra
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Miami, Department of Anthropology, Coral Gables, FL, United States
Other:
George Mason University, United States
National Park Service, United States
Florida Atlantic University, United States
Volume Title:Holocene
Source:Holocene, 26(5), p.772-780. Publisher: SAGE Publications, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0959-6836
Publication Date:2016
Note:In English. 42 refs.; illus., incl. 5 tables, sketch maps
Summary:The current study provides a fine-grained analysis of evidence for sustained pre-Columbian human occupation and socio-ecological interaction within Everglades National Park. Utilizing archaeological data on dietary and cultural patterns recovered from recent excavations at a prehistoric tree island site, we argue the role of ancient human populations in the formation or augmentation of tree islands should be incorporated into environmental models of the tree island lifecycle. High phosphorus levels in human waste, especially the largely organic waste of prehistoric populations, as well as other anthropogenic factors have not been adequately factored into current environmental models of tree island formation or the ecological evolution of the Everglades. More broadly, while socio-ecological modeling is at the core of current scholarly and restoration paradigms, expanded collaboration between environmental scientists and archaeologists will lead to more accurate identification of anthropogenic environmental impacts over time.
Subjects:Archaeology; Cenozoic; Ecosystems; Holocene; Human activity; Islands; Phosphorus; Quaternary; Trees; Everglades; Florida; United States
Coordinates:N254337 N255640 W0802950 W0804236
Record ID:785670-8
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.
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