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On the definition and realization of a global vertical datum

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doi: 10.2478/v10156-010-0018-z
Authors:Sjoberg, L.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Geodesy, Stockholm, Sweden
Volume Title:Journal of Geodetic Science
Source:Journal of Geodetic Science, 1(2), p.154-157. Publisher: De Gruyter Open, Warsaw, Poland. ISSN: 2081-9943
Publication Date:2011
Note:In English. 12 refs.; illus.
Summary:A Global Vertical Datum (GVD) is naturally defined by the geoid, and there is a well-established consensus to adopt Gauss-Bessel-Listing's definition of the geoid (i.e. as being the level surface of the Earth's gravity field that best fits the undisturbed sea level). The main problem in defining the geoid is therefore to fix its constant geopotential (W00). Nevertheless, this definition can be interpreted as to fit either the geopotential of sea surface to a constant (W0), or to minimize the height of sea level with respect to the geoid. Although the two interpretations lead to apparently different solutions, we show that they are practically the same. To improve the estimation of W0, we propose to weight the included data according to their a priori error estimates. Finally we discuss the use of GNSS/levelling data for vertical datum connections, concluding that such data, although indispensable for regional vertical datum connections, in combination with satellite altimetry over the oceans are practically useless for determining the GVD. Also, such a joint adjustment of the GVD and regional vertical datum biases yields inferior local connections vs. a separate adjustment with fixed GVD.
Subjects:Data; Earth; Galileo GNSS; Geodesy; Geoid; Global; Global navigation satellite systems; Gravity field; Leveling
Record ID:777959-7
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2021 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin, Germany
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